1858 – 1860

After Audubon’s death in 1851, his son, John Woodhouse Audubon, sought to reissue Birds of America. In 1858 he commissioned Julius Bien of New York, a pioneer in the new technique of chromolithography, to print an edition on paper similar in size to the double elephant. Some changes were made, including re-numbering of plates to correspond with the numbers in the Octavo edition, and changing some plates by grouping birds or changing backgrounds. Because of the financial and social upheaval of the Civil War, the project was never completed. Only one volume of 105 plates (150 birds) was produced, dated 1858, 1859, or 1860. Estimates of the number of copies vary from 15 to 100. Like the Bowen Octavos, the Biens were lithographs produced from stone plates. Instead of using a single plate to print a black-line image, the chromolithograph uses several plates, each applying a different color ink. The Bien Edition is the only major Audubon edition that is not hand-colored.

bien

The 150 bird images that were used in the Bien Edition are listed below:

Plate Number Image Name
1 Wild Turkey
2 Yellow-billed Cuckoo
4 Purple Finch
5 Bonaparte Flycatcher
7 Purple Grackle
8 White Thoated Sparrow
9 Selby’s Fly Catcher
10 Brown Lark
12 Baltimore Oriole
16 Great Footed Hawk
18 Bewick’s Long Tailed Wren
21 The Mocking Bird
22 Purple Martin
25 Song Sparrow
26 Carolina Parrot
28 Solitary Flycatcher
29 Towee Bunting
31 White-headed Eagle
35 Children’s Warbler
37 Gold-winged Woodpecker
38 Kentucky Warbler
39 Crested Titmouse
41 Ruffed Grous
42 Orchard Oriole
43 Cedar Bird
47 Ruby-throated Humming Bird
48 Cerulean Warbler
51 Red Tailed Hawk
58 Hermit Thrush
60 Carbonated Warbler
63 White Eyed Flycatcher
65 Rathbone’s Warbler
67 Red-winged Starling
68 Republican Cliff Swallow
69 Bay breasted Warbler
70 Henslow’s Bunting
72 Swallow-tailed Hawk
73 Wood Thrush
76 Virginian Partridge
77 Belted Kingfisher
78 Great Carolina Wren
79 Tyrant Flycatcher
80 Anthus Hypogaus
81 Fish Hawk
83 House Wren
84 Blue Grey Flycatcher
89 Nashville Warbler
90 Black and white Creeper
92 Pigeon Hawk
93 Sea-side Finch
94 Bay-winged Bunting
95 Blue-eyed yellow Warbler
98 Marsh Wren
100 Green-blue or White Bellied Swallow
102 Blue Jay
103 Canada Warbler
104 Chipping Sparrow
106 Black Vulture or Carrion Crow
110 Hooded Warbler
111 Pileated Woodpecker
114 White-crowned Sparrow
115 Wood Pewee
116 Ferruginous Thrush
119 Yellow-throated Vireo
122 Blue Grosbeak
123 Black & Yellow Warbler
124 Green Black-capt Flycatcher
127 Rose-breasted Grosbeak
129 Great Crested Flycatcher
137 Yellow-breasted Chat
139 Field Sparrow
140 Pine Creeping Warbler
144 Small Green Crested Flycatcher
145 Yellow Red-poll Warbler
146 Fish Crow
147 Night Hawk
149 Sharp-tailed Finch
150 Red-eyed Vireo
155 Black-throated Blue Warbler
156 American Crow
157 Rusty Grakle
158 American Swift
160 Black-capped Titmouse
163 Palm Warbler
168 Forked-tailed Flycatcher
170 Gray Tyrant
171 Barn Owl
173 Barn Swallow
174 Olive sided flycatcher
175 Nuttalls lesser-marsh Wren
177 White-crowned Pigeon
179 Wood Wren
183 Golden crester-Wren
184 Mangrove Humming Bird
185 Bachman’s Warbler
187 Boat-tailed Grackle
193 Lincoln Finch
194 Canadian Titmouse
195 Ruby crowned Wren
197 American Crossbill
198 Brown headed Worm eating Warbler
206 Summer or Wood Duck
208 Esquimaux Curlew
213 Puffin
214 Razor Bill
221 Mallard Duck
229 Scaup Duck
234 Tufted Duck
236 Night Heron or Qua bird
238 Great Marbled Godwit
246 Eider Duck
250 Arctic Tern
251 Brown Pelican
256 Purple Heron
265 Buff breasted Sandpiper
269 Greenshank
279 Sandwich Tern
281 Great White Heron
286 White-fronted Goose
288 Yellow Shank
289 Solitary Sandpiper
290 Red backed Sandpiper
292 Crested Grebe
294 Pectoral Sandpiper
301 Canvas backed Duck
302 Dusky Duck
307 Blue Crane or Heron
310 Spotted Sandpiper
320 Little Sandpiper
322 Red-headed Duck
323 Black Skimmer or Shearwater
329 Yellow-breasted Rail
333 Green Heron
336 Yellow-Crowned Heron
341 Great Auk
347 Smew or White Nun
348 Gadwall Duck
349 Least Water-hen
352 Black-Winged Hawk
355 Mac Gillivray’s Finch
358 Pine Grosbeak
359 Arkansaw Flycatcher, Swallow-Tailed Flycatcher, Says Flycatcher
360 Winter Wren, Rock Wren
363 Bohemian Chatterer
366 Iceland or Jer Falcon
387 Glossy Ibis
421 Brown Pelican
424 Lazuli Finch, Crimson-necked Bull-Finch, Grey-crowned Linnet, Cow-pen Bird, Evening Grosbeak, Brown Longspur
425 Columbian Humming Bird
431 American Flamingo